8月1日開始F簽不用洗白可以從中國直飛美國

4 月 26, 2021 176點熱度 0人按讚 0則留言

1. F1和M1豁免禁令

今天(2021年4月26日),美國國務院突然發文宣布對F-1和M-1簽證持有者可以直接獲得國家利益豁免NIE《National Interest Exceptions for Certain Travelers from China, Iran, Brazil, South Africa, Schengen Area, United Kingdom, and Ireland》,全文如下:

On April 26, 2021, the Secretary of State made a national interest determination regarding categories of travelers eligible for exceptions under Presidential Proclamations (PPs) 9984, 9992, and 10143 related to the spread of COVID-19.  As a result of this determination, together with national interest determinations already in place, travelers subject to these proclamations, due to their presence in China, Iran, Brazil, South Africa, the Schengen area, the United Kingdom, and Ireland, who are seeking to provide vital support for critical infrastructure; journalists; students and certain academics covered by exchange visitor programs, may now qualify for a National Interest Exception (NIE).  Students and academics subject to these proclamations due to their presence in China, Iran, Brazil, or South Africa, may qualify for an NIE only if their academic program begins August 1, 2021 or later.  Qualified travelers who are applying for or have valid visas or ESTA authorization may travel to the United States following the procedures below, even as PPs 9984, 9992, and 10143 remain in effect.

Students with valid F-1 and M-1 visas intending to begin or continue an academic program commencing August 1, 2021 or later do not need to contact an embassy or consulate to seek an individual NIE to travel.  They may enter the United States no earlier than 30 days before the start of their academic studies.  Students seeking to apply for new F-1 or M-1 visas should check the status of visa services at the nearest embassy or consulate; those applicants who are found to be otherwise qualified for an F-1 or M-1 visa will automatically be considered for an NIE to travel.

Travelers in categories described above who have a valid visa in the appropriate class or who have a valid ESTA authorization for travel under the Visa Waiver Program and seek to travel for purposes consistent with ESTA authorization, should contact the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate before traveling, if they believe they may qualify for a National Interest Exception.  If a National Interest Exception is approved, they may travel on either a valid visa or ESTA authorization, as appropriate.

The Department of State also continues to grant NIEs for qualified travelers seeking to enter the United States for purposes related to humanitarian travel, public health response, and national security.  These travelers and any others who believe their travel to be in the United States』 national interest should also review the website of the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate for instruction on how to contact them.

我們知道,川普總統從2020年開始,陸續對中國大陸,伊朗,申根26國,英國,愛爾蘭和巴西增加了禁令。川普離任前取消了申根26國,英國和愛爾蘭的禁令,但是拜登上任伊始就恢復了申根26國,英國和愛爾蘭的禁令,同時增加了南非禁令。普通外國人如果過去14天在這些地方,是無法直飛美國的。

2. 豁免解讀

從2020年下半年開始,持有F-1和M-1簽證的人,可以從申根26國,英國和愛爾蘭直飛美國而不需要單獨申請NIE。隨着美國國務院的進一步解禁,F-1和M-1簽證持有人從其他禁令地區(中國大陸,伊朗,巴西和南非)也可以直飛美國了。不過要注意以下兩點:

  • Students and academics subject to these proclamations due to their presence in China, Iran, Brazil, or South Africa, may qualify for an NIE only if their academic program begins August 1, 2021 or later. 如果是新生,那麼他們的學習項目必須是2021年8月1日以後開始才能豁免禁令;
  • Students with valid F-1 and M-1 visas intending to begin or continue an academic program commencing August 1, 2021 or later do not need to contact an embassy or consulate to seek an individual NIE to travel. 對於2021年8月1日以後開始或者繼續的學習項目,學生不需要向美國駐外使領館申請個人的NIE豁免。
  • 以上兩點其實說的不是特別清楚,這裡個人的理解是只要有學生簽證,然後2021年8月1日之後開學的,那麼2021年8月1日之後肯定可以直飛美國。
  • 至於老生現在能否立刻直飛美國,其實公告沒有說清楚,個人傾向認爲是不可以需要等到8月1日之後才可以,8月1日前飛美依然需要單獨申請NIE或者去新加坡、墨西哥或者柬埔寨等地洗白。
  • 如果手上沒有F-1或者M-1簽證,要麼能刷到現在非常緊俏的簽證預約(據說國內已經開放F簽預約了),要麼還是要去第三國簽F-1。
  • 只對F-1和M-1豁免,配偶類型的F-2沒有豁免。
  • 目前來看,拜登政府不太可能單獨對中國全面解禁(B簽等),但是可能隨着歐洲疫情的好轉,和歐洲一起解禁。

3. 赴美機票

目前中國-美國方向有如下航班:

  • MU587 PVG-JFK 每周一二
  • CZ327 CAN-LAX 每周四六
  • MF829 XMN-LAX 每周三日
  • CA987 PEK-LAX 每周日
  • CA769 SZX-LAX 每周二
  • UA858 PVG-ICN-SFO 每周一四六日
  • DL288 PVG-ICN-SEA 每周四六
  • DL284 PVG-ICN-DTW 每周三日
  • AA128 PVG-ICN-DFW 每周二五 (AA因爲綠碼原因,經常飛飛停停,強烈不推薦購買)

也可以從香港轉機或者從蛇口碼頭直接去香港機場,疫情下國泰航班少且里程票不好搞:

  • CX844/846 HKG-JFK 每周二四
  • CX880 HKG-LAX 每周一三

其他轉機地點也可以考慮:

  • 澳門-台北線:從澳門出發坐BR經台北一票去美國也是不錯的選擇,需要辦理澳門簽注,適合里程票;
  • 韓國轉機:國內可以多地出發,KE/OZ一票到美國各地,可以嘗試里程票;
  • 日本轉機:幾乎沒有辦法聯程票,需要手動拼票,但是後段可以燒分體驗ANA兩艙;
  • 加拿大轉機:強烈不建議,涉及繁複的加拿大入境禁令和隔離政策,雖然沒有明文禁止,但是很可能被拒絕登機;
  • 歐洲轉機:有興趣的可以試試LX OS LH AF SAS KLM等一票轉去美東各地,也是燒里程的不錯選擇,需要注意轉機地核酸要求。

免責聲明:本文及其中任何文字均僅爲一般性的介紹,絕不構成任何法律意見或建議,不得作爲法律意見或建議以任何形式被依賴,我們對其不負擔任何形式的責任。我們強烈建議您,若有簽證問題,請諮詢專業的律師或領館。

Disclaimer: This article and any content herein are general introduction for readers only, and shall not constitute nor be relied on as legal opinion or legal advice in any form. We assume no liability for anything herein. If you need help about visas, please talk to a lawyer or consulate general.

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ryan

这个人很懒,什么都没留下